How India’s shrub frogs crossed a bridge to Sri Lanka – and changed forever

first_imgArticle published by dilrukshi A new study traces the migration of a genus of shrub frogs, endemic to India’s Western Ghats, to Sri Lanka some 27 million years ago.A constantly changing climate gave rise to various types of habitats over the course of geological time, allowing isolated populations of the same species to evolve in vastly different ways.One group of frogs later even migrated back across to India.The researchers hope to identify historical reasons that may be driving current trends of species diversity and distribution. Hindu legend has it that the deity Rama built a bridge from the southern tip of India to the island of Sri Lanka, for his army of ape men to cross and help him rescue his wife, Sita, from the clutches of the Ravana.It’s a story immortalized in the Sanskrit epic the ‘Ramayana’ and venerated as myth. But the idea of creatures crossing from one side to the other over a land bridge is far from a myth: A recent study shows a group of frogs made the crossing some 27 million years ago, settling and evolving in Sri Lanka’s highlands, before some crossed back again about 8.8 million years ago.The study used time-calibrated multi-gene phylogeny, a theory that sheds light on how organisms are related to one another through evolutionary time, to analyze the tempo of diversification, or the rate at which a species evolves. By studying diversification in the context of past climate and geography, the researchers hope to identify historical reasons that may be driving current trends of diversity and distribution.“The isolation of islands contributes to high endemism,” taxonomist Rohan Pethiyagoda, a co-author of the study and former deputy chair of the IUCN’s Species Survival Commission, told Mongabay.That’s also the case with Sri Lanka, where the “three main mountain ranges of this region constitute ecological islands of cool, wet habitats separated by low, warm and often drier valleys,” according to the paper, published in the March issue of the journal Molecular Phlyogenetics and Evolution.However, the habitat associations of these species also indicate that a cooler climate itself is not enough for their survival. “They also need specific habitat conditions, and the most of important of these is forest cover. Forest cover coupled with a cool wet climate effectively serve as a refugium,” said Madhava Meegaskumbura, an evolutionary biologist and lead author of the study.Figure 1: Psudophilautus ancestor’s migration from South India to Sri Lanka – evolutionThe descendants of those frogs that made the original crossing — during a period of climate cooling and drying that exposed the land bridge of low islands today known as Ram Setu (Rama’s Bridge) — constitute a group of shrub frogs from the genus Pseudophilautus. Today they’re endemic to the Western Ghats of southwestern India and to Sri Lanka and exhibit a wide range of diversification, though dozens of known shrub frog species are now considered extinct.After arriving, their endemic diversification largely took place within the wet tropical regions of Sri Lanka — a vivid story about species evolution, geography, geology and historical climate change.The study highlighted how the hills of Sri Lanka served as “species pumps as well as refuges” throughout 31 million years of evolution, highlighting the importance of tropical montane regions for both the generation and maintenance of biodiversity.  Pseudophilautus today occupy several habitat types, ranging from open grasslands, rock substrates along streams, and rainforest canopy, to shrubs, open grasslands and human-influenced habitats.While the frogs’ initial habitat during the Oligocene epoch some 27 million years ago was the mountainous central hills, they later repeatedly colonized areas beyond. There was also a frequent pattern of sister species being distributed across the three mountain regions and diversification within a given geographic region.Changes in the climate played an important role in the geographic distribution, dispersal and process of speciation, providing an opening for the frogs’ colonization of Sri Lanka.The gradual diversification of their lineages began during the Oligocene, as the Indian subcontinent pushed up against the Asian land mass, creating the Himalayan mountain range and thus initiating the monsoon cycle.This was followed by a period of glaciation in Antarctica, ushering in a climate suitable to the spread of species adapted to cool and wet conditions, such as those that would have existed in Sri Lanka’s central hills.Further up the geological time line, lowland lineages arose as the Asian monsoon cycle strengthened, giving rise to lowland rainforests that would have enhanced the frogs’ opportunity for diversification.While there was nothing to indicate a rapid initial burst in the Sri Lankan diversification of these shrub frogs, there was a constant rate of diversification over the entire history of the clade, the study shows.Sri Lanka’s habitat complexity provided opportunities for isolated populations of the same species to evolve in different ways. The current exceptional diversity of Pseudophilautus within Sri Lanka owes much to the long period of time available for diversification, abundant ecological opportunity, habitat, and fewer competing lineages, Pethiyagoda said.Pseudophilautus asankai, also known as Asanka’s shrub frog, is a species of frogs in the family Rhacophoridae and endemic to Sri Lanka. Photo by Hiranya Sudasinghe It is endemic to Sri Lanka.Favorable periodThe traffic wasn’t one-way, though; during the late Miocene epoch, about 8.8 million years ago, another glaciation event once again exposed the land bridge between India and Sri Lanka. This allowed the migration back to the Indian mainland of some of the frogs, now vastly different from the species that made the first crossing all those millions of years earlier.Those back-migrating Pseudophilautus were possibly lowland forms that were probably adapted to drier conditions. Today, the lowland regions of India and Sri Lanka adjacent to the shallow Palk Strait that separates the two land masses are warm and dry, with scrub forest habitats in which a single species of Pseudophilautus occurs on either side: P. regius in Sri Lanka and P. kani in the Western Ghats.The period between the initial migration and the subsequent back migration also coincided with the intensification of the monsoon, indicating a period favorable for diversification of the species in Sri Lanka. The initial migration to Sri Lanka may have provided abundant ecological opportunity to the early colonizers in the form of habitat unexplored by other frog species, the study says.When diversification of these shrub frogs began to take place, a process facilitated by climatic events, suitable habitats likely became available gradually over time. The species that were adapted to lower elevations — and warmer and drier conditions — were more likely to be sources of dispersal among mountain ranges, unlike those species restricted by elevation, the study says.During climatically favorable periods, the species crossed the valleys between mountain ranges, giving rise to montane communities made up of members derived from disparate clades.These features highlight the importance of montane regions in generating and sustaining the remarkable diversity of Sri Lankan shrub frogs through time.“It is important however, to note, while there is high endemism, there is also high extinction, at the higher elevations,” Pethiyagoda said.And this happens, according to Meegaskumbura, when lowland rigorous species move up the mountains displacing the more vulnerable Pseudophilautus species. “As climate warming continues, unable to find high enough mountains to track their optimal climatic conditions, many of these species risk going extinct.”CitationMeegaskumbura, M., Senevirathne, G., Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Pethiyagoda, R., Hanken, J., & Schneider, C. J. (2019). Diversification of shrub frogs (Rhacophoridae, Pseudophilautus) in Sri Lanka — Timing and geographic context. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 132, 14-24. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.11.004Banner image: Pseudophilautus femoralis, commonly known as the round-snout pygmy frog, belongs to the Rhacophoridae family and is endemic to Sri Lanka. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and is threatened by habitat loss. Photo by Hiranya Sudasinghe. Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environment, Extinction, Frogs, Impact Of Climate Change, Tropical Forests center_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Weight gain and loss

first_imgSatiricus and company were mulling over the just finished Mash 2017 at their usual watering hole – the Back Street Bar. They hadn’t bothered to go this year to gawk at the gyrations and bodily exposures as was their wont over the years. As Bungi put it, “Things brong!” They looked at the goings on from the TV perched precariously over the glasses behind the counter.“Dem Ministah put aan some pound, Budday!” Bungi exclaimed in amazement. “But dem can still flounce!”“That’s not flouncing, Bungi. That’s ‘backballing’,” said Hari. “Flouncing is at Masquerade.”“Talking about Masquerade, that used to be only around Christmas time,” Satiricus complained. “Now these Masqueraders blocking up the traffic at Mash time, now.”“But at leas’ dem na gat de bull cow,” confessed Bungi. “Me bin really friken da when me lil!”“Well, from the people I saw winin’ down Brickdam,” grinned Hari. “I don’t think we needed cows of any sort! Bull or otherwise!”“Now… now,” scolded Satiricus. “Be nice!”“But I’m serious fellas,” retorted Hari. “Did you see the size of most of those who were Mashin’ down? We have a serious obesity problem in Guyana!”“Hari, da na Guyana: all a dem who bin a backball a people who wuk wid de guvment,” said Bungi. “Yuh evah see wan fat cane-cuttah?”“Well I spoke to Cappo last night in New York on Skype,” reported Satiricus. “And that is one cane cutter who put on size!!”“But he’s not cutting cane anymore,” objected Hari. “How’s he doing?”“He says he might come back to Guyana,” said Satiricus.“’E miss abee, na?” said Bungi hopefully, who actually missed his cane-cutting buddy. “’e miss de beer!”“Naa,” replied Satiricus laconically. “Because Trump hunting down immigrants!”“’E hear ‘bout da ‘merican who shoot wan fariner who look just he?” Bungi wanted to know.“That’s what made him want to come back,” replied Satiricus soberly. “Even though he’ll lose weight!”last_img read more

Sports as a means of addressing abuse, suicide

first_imgDear Editor,The Caribbean Voice (TCV) applauds the initiative by Fruta Conquerors Football Club, in collaboration with the Titans Table Tennis Club, to organize a seminar on child care awareness for all coaches, team managers and parents.For a while now, the Caribbean Voice has been calling for sports to be a vehicle fostering suicide prevention and anti-abuse. In fact, we recently had a meeting with the West Berbice Cricket Board to this effect.So we suggest that this kind of initiative be followed by sports entities across Guyana, and that future seminars also include suicide prevention and domestic violence.TCV is willing to meet with various sports authorities and/or interested parties to offer necessary help.Sincerely,The Caribbean Voicelast_img

Ronaldo hits 300, Messi, Suarez lift Barca

first_imgBarca took over half an hour to make the breakthrough, but Messi did so in style as he curled home his 44th goal of the season into the far corner.Suarez made the game safe when he fired into the top corner 10 minutes after the break and bagged his second of the evening in stoppage time after Marc Bartra headed home the third from Xavi’s corner.“It is the stage of the season where we have a lot to play for,” said Suarez.“We ought to show our personality because we are Barcelona.“In the league we depend on ourselves and we need to continue in this vein.”Madrid endured a much more uncomfortable evening in a capital derby at Rayo before Ronaldo and James Rodriguez struck midway through the second-half.“We suffered, but in the end we won which is the most important thing,” said Rodriguez, who again impressed in just his second game back after two months out with a foot injury.“In the first-half they were intense, we knew that in the second they would get a bit tired and not be able to pressure so much and it was like that.”Rayo dominated the first period in terms of possession, but it was still Madrid who had the better chances as Rodriguez shot straight at Diego Cobeno when unmarked inside the area before Ronaldo headed over from the Colombian’s free-kick.At the other end, Iker Casillas made a fine save to keep the visitors level at the break as he parried Roberto Trashorras’s back post header to safety.Madrid started much stronger after the break and were inches away from an opener when Gareth Bale’s header from Rodriguez’s cross looped just wide.There was then a huge moment of controversy when Ronaldo was booked despite appearing to be clearly brought down by Antonio Amaya inside the area meaning he will miss Saturday’s visit of Eibar to the Santiago Bernabeu.The chances continued to come and go for Real as Benzema, Marcelo and Bale fired just off target in a matter of minutes, and the goal finally arrived when a fine run and cross from Dani Carvajal picked out Ronaldo and he sealed his triple century of goals for Madrid in just 288 games.Six minutes later it was 2-0 as Ronaldo turned provider this time for Rodriguez to curl home.Barcelona also started slowly at the Camp Nou as boss Luis Enrique made six changes with one eye on Saturday’s tough trip to Sevilla.However, Messi opened the scoring in brilliant fashion when he found space on the edge of the area and curled into the far corner with pinpoint accuracy.Suarez made sure of Barca’s 20th win in their last 21 games in all competitions with a little help from Cuesta the keeper got a hand to the Uruguayan’s powerful effort but couldn’t keep it out.A consistent feature of that run has been the Catalans sudden ability to score from set-pieces and they did so for the third consecutive game 15 minutes from time when Bartra rose highest to power home Xavi’s in-swinging delivery.And Suarez was gifted his second when Pedro Rodriguez unselfishly picked out the former Liverpool man to roll into an empty net.At the other end of the table Deportivo la Coruna sacked manager Victor Fernandez after Cordoba ended a 10-game losing streak with a 1-1 draw against the Galicians at La Riazor.Granada’s survival hopes also suffered a huge blew as Theo Bongonda struck a 93rd minute equaliser for Celta Vigo to secure a 1-1 draw at Nuevo Los Carmenes.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000MADRID, April 9- Cristiano Ronaldo scored his 300th Real Madrid goal as the European champions remained four points adrift of La Liga leaders Barcelona with a 2-0 win at Rayo Vallecano on Wednesday.Earlier, Lionel Messi and Luis Suarez were on target as Barca eased past Almeria 4-0.last_img read more

Conte doesn’t have magic solution for Chelsea woes

first_img0Shares0000Chelsea boss Antonio Conte has defended his signing of David LuizLONDON, United Kingdom, Sep 30 – Antonio Conte admits he doesn’t have an instant answer for the problems that have plagued his spluttering Chelsea team in recent weeks.Conte’s side slumped to lacklustre defeats against Liverpool and Arsenal in their last two Premier League matches. Chelsea have only one clean sheet in 15 matches in all competitions ahead of Saturday’s Premier League trip to Hull, when they will again be without injured captain and key defender John Terry.Terry has missed the last three matches with an ankle injury sustained against Swansea and his earliest possible return will be on October 15 against Leicester.Until the January transfer window opens, Conte knows he has to make do with the current squad, many of whom are once again underachieving after their dismal 10th-place finish last season.“We haven’t got a magic wand to change the situation in two months, three months, four months,” Conte said on Friday.“We don’t forget the past. The past is there, it’s very clear. We finished in 10th place last season.“When you finish 10th, it means you have problems. We must change the situation and we must work hard together and we are doing this.“At this moment, that’s the most important thing: not to win or to lose.“But to understand that only through great work, hard work, can we fill the gap that now we have.”Chelsea’s only victory in their last four games in all competitions came in the League Cup at Leicester and their 3-0 defeat at Arsenal last weekend exposed numerous flaws in Conte’s team.Former Italy and Juventus coach Conte says Chelsea’s recent problems have been instructive because he now has a better idea of what needs to change.“In these two games against Arsenal and Liverpool we saw, and we learned, a lot of important things,” he said.“We faced two teams who are very strong and, for me, these two teams are now at the top (of their games).“We have a lot to improve. This is the great difference. This is also the great hope that we must have.”Conte was reported to want to overhaul his squad in the January transfer window after failing to land his top targets before the August deadline.He spoke to owner Roman Abramovich this week after the Russian billionaire made an appearance at the training ground, but denied he had demanded to splash out on a host of new signings.“I’m lucky because Mr Abramovich is very passionate about football,” Conte added.“To talk with him about football is very interesting. To discuss and explain my idea of football.“I don’t see an opportunity in January to spend money or to change. Now I see the present.“I see in the present the opportunity to improve, to continue to work, to understand it’s not easy.“We know this in the club. And we must continue to change the story of last season.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

Boost for Liverpool, Tottenham and Man United? Danny Ings ‘unlikely’ to join La Liga side

first_img1 Real Sociedad have all but admitted defeat in their pursuit of Burnley’s Danny Ings.The Clarets hitman, who will become a free agent in the summer, has attracted the attentions of the La Liga side, along with Liverpool, Tottenham and Manchester United.And Sociedad president Jokin Aperribay claims there are too many other clubs interested in the 22-year-old.“We have monitored him since the winter transfer market,” Aperribay said. “But we have not spoken to Ings’ entourage for almost a month now.“I don’t think he’s an easy candidate to arrive to La Real. He has a lot of offers from England and we will have to wait to see what he decides.“But it looks highly unlikely that he will join us.”last_img

‘Banked’ breast milk better for newborns

first_img“The babies who benefit from donor milk are healthier and spend less time in the NICU, and that saves money for our hospital, our patients and the healthcare system,” Tajalli said. “And if this preserves one life that might be lost to infection, it’s worth it.”160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2Randenberg’s presentation will discuss data collected over two years. From April 2004 through March 2005, 131 premature infants received formula until their mothers could provide breast milk. Then from April 2005 through March 2006, 144 infants received donor milk from the day they were born, followed by their own mothers’ breast milk. The babies studied weighed as little as 1 pound, 1 ounce and as much as 4 pounds, 4 ounces. As Randenberg explains, the hospital obtains donated breast milk from a milk “bank” in San Jose – one of only seven in the U.S. While it is a nonprofit organization, it passes on costs for milk pasteurization, sterilization, storage and transport. Users pay about $3 an ounce, which can translate to thousands of dollars when multiple infants are fed until their own mothers can produce enough milk. Triz Tajalli, executive director of women and children’s services at Antelope Valley Hospital, said the hospital absorbs the costs, but is confident that the improved outcomes make up for it. LANCASTER – While medical science has shown that breast milk is best for newborns, mothers of very premature infants aren’t always able to produce enough milk to feed their babies at birth. But at Antelope Valley Hospital, the neonatal intensive care unit has been feeding some of its tiniest patients donated breast milk and monitoring the results. Andrea Randenberg, a registered nurse with the hospital’s neonatal intensive care unit, presented the data she’s collected at the annual conference last week of the Perinatal Advisory Council for Leadership, Advocacy and Consultation. “Our data shows that the use of donor milk has unequivocally improved outcomes for our NICU patients,” says Randenberg. “The premature newborns we studied who were fed with donor milk in lieu of formula spent less time on IVs, gained weight quicker, spent fewer days in the hospital and had a lower rate of NEC infection – a bowel infection which can be a life-threatening.” last_img read more

Housing market still gloomy

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWhy these photogenic dumplings are popping up in Los AngelesThat’s the lowest for a July since 1997, when 22,302 properties sold. The annual percentage drop was the sharpest since a 29.9 percent decline in August 1992. And July’s total fell under the average of 24,669 transactions for the month dating back to 1988. The strongest July was 2003, when 33,561 homes sold, and the weakest was in 1995 with 15,077 sales. This July’s sales also declined 22.3 percent from June, DataQuick said. A month-to-month decline is typical between June and July but this one was the biggest since the record-keeping began in 1988, the company said. Southern California’s residential real estate market remained in a funk during July as sales fell for the eighth straight time, to their lowest level in nine years, an industry tracker said Tuesday. Nevertheless, prices increased in all but one county with Los Angeles hitting a record level for the fifth consecutive month, reported La Jolla-based DataQuick information systems. But further market weakness is evident by dramatically lower appreciation rates and sales that have cratered from year ago-levels. Sales declines ranged from a high of 36 percent in Orange County to a low of 21.3 percent in San Bernardino County. For all of Southern California last month, sales of new and previously owned houses and condominiums dropped an annual 26.9 percent, to 22,712 transactions, the company said. For the Greater San Fernando Valley – from Glendale to Calabasas – sales fell an annual 25.5 percent, to 2,250, and the median price increased 5.1 percent, to $615,000. “It’s really turned from a seller’s market to a buyer’s market,” said Daniel Blake, director of the Economic Research Center at California State University, Northridge. “People, if they don’t have to sell right now, may not and so that accounts for some of the slowing. And for the most part, people going into the market are probably looking for deals and negotiating.” It sounds bad, but DataQuick insists it isn’t. Yet. “Sales counts are one number of a whole bunch we look at. The other numbers don’t indicate that there is any impending crisis in the market,” said analyst John Karevoll. Company President Marshall Prentice said July’s weak market might be a statistical blip or demand waning because prices, while leveling, remain high. “Our sense has been that many who bought homes in recent years purchased them sooner than they otherwise would have because of very low interest rates and a great sense of urgency, given the fear of being priced out forever or missing out on a great investment,” he said in a statement. It will take several more months to get a better read on how big a turn the market is making, the company said. Michael Carney, director of the Real Estate Research Council of Southern California, said that a trend has taken hold. “The rate of decline in sales is actually increasing. We’re seeing substantial, sustained decline in sales and with the softening in prices the near-term outlook has to be more of this.” During July: The median price of a Los Angeles County home increased an annual 6.6 percent, to $520,000, up from June’s then-record $517,000. Sales in the county fell 24.9 percent, to 8,040 transactions. In Ventura County, the median price increased 9.5 percent, to a record $634,000. The prior mark was $630,000 in December. But sales plunged 36.9 percent, to 877 transactions, the region’s biggest percentage decline. Sales across the six-county region fell 26.9 percent, to 22,712 transactions, and the median price increased 4.9 percent, to $492,000. That’s the smallest annual increase in the median since a 3.8 percent gain in October 1999. In San Diego County, the median price slipped 1.8 percent, to $487,000, and sales dropped 29.3 percent, to 3,370 transactions. Karevoll said the region’s other markets will eventually mimic San Diego’s, with prices bouncing around the positive/negative point line for a while. “We don’t think prices are going to come down. We don’t see anything ominous in these numbers,” he said of sales and appreciation rates. And according to DataQuick, indicators of market distress are still largely absent. The company notes that financing with adjustable-rate mortgages has trended lower over the past year. And while foreclosure activity is rising, it is still low in a historical context. Karevoll said it would take a 50 percent increase from today’s level of activity to reach a level of concern. Down-payment sizes are also stable, as are flipping rates and nonowner-occupied buying activity. The typical monthly mortgage payment that buyers committed to paying last month was $2,437, unchanged from June and up from $2,052 a year ago. Adjusted for inflation, current payments are about 6.2 percent above typical payments in the spring of 1989, the peak of the prior real estate cycle.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Football Talk: De Boer makes Rangers wait, Stokes to Poland

first_imgIt may be Valentine’s Day but not everyone is feeling loved up in Scottish football. Rangers are feeling a bit lonely without a manager to cuddle up with and it’s not clear yet who will capture their heart next. Yesterday Alex McLeish was talk of the town as he touted himself to rekindle their old relationship. Today another name is in the frame to do just the same – Frank de Boer. His brother Ronald, however, says he will not entertain the notion until the summer. Derek McInnes is another old flame being linked with the role but he’s being advised not to go down memory lane by Willie Miller. Love is definitely in the air elsewhere though. Down south Michail Antonio wins Valentine’s Day with his new Umbro advert. That’s definitely worth two minutes of your time. And Pep Guardiola wins the heartwarming gesture award for going straight to Harry Arter at full time last night. Following the stillbirth of Arter and his fiancee Rachel’s daughter in December 2015 the manager was wishing him well for the upcoming birth of their next child.last_img read more

Lane Restrictions on SR 37 Coming Monday Sept. 18

first_imgThe Indiana Department of Transportation announces lane restrictions for State Road 37 in Bedford and Oolitic as crews add lanes to the existing pavement.Beginning on or around Monday, Sept. 18, contractors will begin pavement work on an acceleration lane at 16th Street/State Road 37 in Bedford and a left turn lane at Ingram Road/State Road 37.During this operation, one lane will be open on the north bound side at both locations. Restrictions will be in place around the clock. The additional lanes are expected to take until mid to late November depending upon weather conditions.INDOT urges motorists to slow down and avoid distractions, especially in work zones.last_img